04. Tilem Sasih Katiga (Balinese 3rd New Moon)
15. Hari Raya Idul Adha 1434 Hijriyah
19. Purnama Sasih Kapat (Balinese 4th Full Moon)
22. Hari Penampahan Galungan (Eve of Balinese Ceremonial Holiday)
23. Hari Raya Galungan (Celebration Day of Victory of God over Evil)
24. Hari Umanis Galungan (A day for asking and giving forgiveness to relatives)
Hari Raya Idul Adha 1434 Hijriyah (Eid Al-Adha)
Eid al-Adha “festival of sacrifice”, also called Feast of the Sacrifice, the Major Festival, the Greater Eid, Kurban Bayram (Albanian, Bosnian, Turkish: Kurban Bayramı), Eid-e-Qurban, Eid al-Bakr and Bakrid, is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide to honour the willingness of the prophet Ibrāhīm (Abraham) to sacrifice his young first-born son Ismā’īl (Ishmael)a as an act of submission to God’s command and his son’s acceptance to being sacrificed, before God intervened to provide Abraham with a Lamb to sacrifice instead. In the lunar Islamic calendar, Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah and lasts for four days. In the international Gregorian calendar, the dates vary from year to year, drifting approximately 11 days earlier each year.
Eid al-Adha is the latter of the two Eid holidays, the former being Eid al-Fitr. The basis for the Eid al-Adha comes from the 196th verse of the 2nd sura of the Quran. The word “Eid” appears once in the 5th sura of the Quran, with the meaning “solemn festival”.
Like Eid al-Fitr, Eid al-Adha begins with a Sunnah prayer of two rakats followed by a sermon (khuṭbah). Eid al-Adha celebrations start after the descent of the Hajj from Mount Arafat, a hill east of Mecca. Ritual observance of the holiday lasts until sunset of the 12th day of Dhu al-Hijjah.
Eid sacrifice may take place until sunset on the 13th day of Dhu al-Hijjah. The days of Eid have been singled out in the Hadith as “days of remembrance”. The days of Tashriq are from the Fajr prayer of the 9th of Dhul Hijjah up to the Asr prayer of the 13th of Dhul Hijjah (5 days and 4 nights). This equals 23 prayers: 5 on the 9th-12th, which equal 20, and 3 on the 13th.
Hari Raya Galungan (Celebration Day of Victory of good over evil)
Galungan is a Balinese holiday celebrating the victory of dharma over adharma. It marks the time when the ancestral spirits visit the Earth. The last day of the celebration is Kuningan, when they return. The date is calculated according to the 210-day Balinese calendar.
Galungan marks the beginning of the most important recurring religious ceremonies. The spirits of deceased relatives who have died and been cremated return to visit their former homes, and the current inhabitants have a responsibility to be hospitable through prayers and offerings. The most obvious sign of the celebrations are the penjor – bamboo poles weighed down by offerings suspended at the end. These can be seen by the side of roads. A number of days around the Kuningan day itself have special names, with particular activities being organized.
Galungan begins on the Wednesday (Buda) of Dunggulan, the 11th week of the 210-day pawukon calendar. This means that there are often two celebrations per solar year. Dates for 2012-2014 are as follows:
02. Hari Raya Kuningan (Balinese Ceremonial Holiday)
03. Tilem Sasih Kapat (Balinese 4th New Moon)
05. Tahun Baru Islam 1435 Hijriyah (Islamic New Year)
24. Purnama Sasih Kalima (Balinese 5th Full Moon)
Hari Raya Kuningan (Balinese Ceremonial Holiday)
Hari Raya Kuningan is celebrated every 210 days or 6 months in a calendar Bali precisely in Saniscara Kliwon Wuku Kuningan (1 calendar month in Bali = 35 days). On the holy day of Raya Brass which is told Ida Sang Hyang Widi down to earth to give blessings for the welfare of all people in the world . Hindu community in Bali believe , the ceremony for the feast of Brass should be done before noon, before the time of the Gods , Bhatara and Pitara back to heaven.
Kuningan is the feast day ceremonies Galungan, Kuningan 10 days before. There are some typical Kuningan Day fixtures are Endongan as a symbol of offerings to Hyang Widhi. Tamyang repellent as a symbol of distress. Kolem as a symbol of the resting place Whidi Hyang The Gods and our ancestor.
At this feast made yellow rice, a symbol of prosperity and offerings as a token of gratitude we as human beings have been given the gift of Hyang Widhi, offerings in the form of materials and clothing which are all delegated by him to His people on the basis of love. This Tamyang reminds people of the laws of nature, the natural environment if we keep and maintain it all will bring grace and prosperity, but instead destroyed when nature would be catastrophic and disastrous for us and mankind. While supplies Endongan meaningful. The most important provision in living life science and devotion is therefore through this Kuningan Day celebrations especially Hindus in Bali, expected to re-arrange a harmonious life (hita) in accordance with the objectives that have been outlined by Hyang Widhi.
All human Hindus in Bali with traditional ceremonies Hari Raya Kuningan is not obliged to implement them in the temple, what more if the distance is too far from the temple residence. Implementation of this ceremony can be done also at home remembering her time is too short, it became one of the habits that continue customs preserved until today, On Wednesday, Kliwon, Wuku Pahang, called Wakan Pegat day which is the last day of the Feast series Galungan – Kuningan. Offerings delivered today are Sesayut Dirgayusa, panyeneng, tatebus into the presence of Almighty God as the creator of the earth and nature and its contents. So ended all series Galungan – Kuningan for 42 days.
So the essence and meaning of Hari Raya Kuningan itself is begging safety, prosperity, welfare, protection of well – born spiritual guidance to the gods, Bhatara and the Pitara desired that all can be answered and implemented Hyang Widhi permission.
02. Tilam Sasih Kalima (Balinese 5th New Moon)
07. Tumpek Krulut (Balinese Celebration for Musical Instruments)
17. Purnama Sasih Kalima (Balinese 6th Full Moon)
25. Hari Raya Natal (Christmas Day)
(Old English: Crīstesmæsse, meaning “Christ’s Mass”) is an annual commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ and a widely observed holiday, celebrated generally on December 25 by millions of people around the world. A feast central to the Christian liturgical year, it closes the Advent season and initiates the twelve days of Christmastide, which ends after the twelfth night. Christmas is a civil holiday in many of the world’s nations, is celebrated by an increasing number of non-Christians, and is an integral part of the Christmas and holiday season.
While the birth year of Jesus is estimated among modern historians to have been between 7 and 2 BC, the exact month and day of his birth are unknown. His birth is mentioned in two of the four canonical gospels. By the early-to-mid 4th century, the Western Christian Church had placed Christmas on December 25, a date later adopted in the East. The date of Christmas may have initially been chosen to correspond with the day exactly nine months after early Christians believed Jesus to have been conceived, or with one or more ancient polytheistic festivals that occurred near southern solstice (i.e., the Roman winter solstice); a further solar connection has been suggested because of a biblical verse identifying Jesus as the “Sun of righteousness”.
The original date of the celebration in Eastern Christianity was January 6, in connection with Epiphany, and that is still the date of the celebration for the Armenian Apostolic Church and in Armenia, where it is a public holiday. As of 2013, there is a difference of 13 days between the modern Gregorian calendar and the older Julian calendar. Those who continue to use the Julian calendar or its equivalents thus celebrate December 25 and January 6, which on the Gregorian calendar translate as January 7 and January 19. For this reason, Ethiopia, Russia, Georgia, Ukraine, Serbia, the Republic of Macedonia, and the Republic of Moldova celebrate Christmas on what in the Gregorian calendar is January 7. Eastern Orthodox Churches in Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Antioch, Alexandria, Albania, Finland, and the Orthodox Church in America celebrate Christmas on December 25 in the revised Julian calendar, corresponding to December 25 also in the Gregorian calendar.
The celebratory customs associated in various countries with Christmas have a mix of pre-Christian, Christian, and secular themes and origins. Popular modern customs of the holiday include gift giving, Christmas music and caroling, an exchange of Christmas cards, church celebrations, a special meal, and the display of various Christmas decorations, including Christmas trees, Christmas lights, nativity scenes, garlands, wreaths, mistletoe, and holly. In addition, several closely related and often interchangeable figures, known as Santa Claus, Father Christmas, Saint Nicholas, and Christkind, are associated with bringing gifts to children during the Christmas season and have their own body of traditions and lore. Because gift-giving and many other aspects of the Christmas festival involve heightened economic activity among both Christians and non-Christians, the holiday has become a significant event and a key sales period for retailers and businesses. The economic impact of Christmas is a factor that has grown steadily over the past few centuries in many regions of the world.